The overall research questions guiding this thesis are:
• How do Port Vila residents perceive the socio-cultural impacts of cruise ship
• To what extend were they impacted?
• How do they cope with these impacts?
To achieve the main aim of this thesis, the key objectives that will be addressed are as
1) Identify the positive and negative impacts of cruise ship tourism on residents in Port Vila, Vanuatu, as identified by them;
2) Identify the socio-cultural impacts as perceived by residents of Port Vila and to explore factors influencing their perceptions;
3) Explore the coping strategies that residents apply to the impacts of cruise ship tourism;
4) Assess the suitability of existing models of coping strategies to resident’s responses towards cruise ship tourism in Port Vila; and
5) Where appropriate, formulate suggestions for managing any long-term impacts of this type of tourism and also make suggestions for any future planning and policy regarding this.
Best hotels and private apartments for holidays and vacations
Definition of words
For the purposes of this thesis, the term ‘cruise ship tourist’ will be defined using the World Tourism Organisation (WTO) definition, which refers to this type of tourists as international excursionists who are day visitors and who do not spend the night in any accommodation in the country they visit. In this study, this will refer mainly to visitors arriving on cruise ships or
passenger ships used commercially for pleasure cruises.
This concept will be used interchangeably with cruise ship passengers throughout the entire thesis. ‘
Resort tourists’ will refer to international visitors who come by air and spend over 24 hours in a destination in established tourist accommodations. In addition, the term ‘market vendors’ will be used
interchangeably with ‘market stall holders’.
1.5 Statement of approach
This thesis is an exploratory study, so further empirical research may need to be carried out, both in Vanuatu and in other countries, to confirm these findings.
The study utilised both primary and secondary data, of which the latter consists of a review of literature on both tourism and cruise ship tourism impacts on residents and their coping strategies.
The literature was drawn from a variety of academic, tourism industry sources, and Vanuatu government reports.
The primary data was collected using qualitative research method of interviews over a
six-week period in Port Vila from June to July 2006.
Structure of the thesis
This thesis comprises seven chapters including this introductory chapter. Chapter 2 outlines the theoretical background and will form the basis for the analysis of this study.
Chapter 3 introduces Port Vila (the study site), and describes the research methodology and the rationale for its usage.
Chapter 4 presents a contextual background on Vanuatu, discusses relevant
policies and plans for tourism in general, including a discussion on cruise ship tourism.
Chapter 5 presents the results of the field work carried out over a six-week period in Port Vila.
Chapter 6 discusses the coping strategies employed by residents of Port Vila against thetwo models of coping strategies and their applicability.
Finally, in Chapter 7, results of the study are summarised, conclusions and implications of the study are drawn and recommendations made.